[With reference to the recent history of SEEU:
Tetovo, located to the west of the capital, Skopje, lies south of Kosovo and to the east of Albania.]
The architectural and art heritage of Macedonia displays its location in Southeast Europe at the center of the Balkan Peninsula. Beyond the
Republic of Macedonia, the larger region of Macedonian culture today extends to parts of Albania, Kosovo, Serbia, Bulgaria and Greece.
Under the rule of Philip of Macedon and Alexander the Great, Macedonia extended Hellenic culture across the Near East, from Egypt to the Indus River. Subsequently it fell to the rising power in the west and was incorporated as a province in the Roman Empire. After the Empire's division into western and eastern dynasties, it was a Byzantine province that had a complex medieval history as the region was variously dominated by Byzantine, Bulgarian and Serbian rulers. Islamic rule followed when Macedonia was part of the Ottoman Empire for nearly half a millennium.
The first series of images, below, illustrate Byzantine themes in the visual culture of Orthodox religion in this region.